Education in ASEAN

Written By: Rafidah Binti Haji Junaidi*

ASEAN are rich in history, language, culture and common values. ASEAN’s role in education is to develop human resources through closer cooperation in education and life long learning, and in science and technology for the empowerment of the people of ASEAN and for the strengthening of ASEAN community (ASEAN charter, Article 1 Para 10).  In 2009, Cha-Am Hua Hin declaration on strengthening cooperation on education to achieve an ASEAN caring and sharing community ‘’contributing to the establishment of an ASEAN community that is people centered and socially responsible with a view of achieving enduring solidarity and unity among the nations and peoples of ASEAN by forging a common identity and building a caring and sharing society which is inclusive and where the well being, livelihood and welfare of the people are enhanced.

 For ASEAN’s development process, Education is very important and crucial for its development process creating a knowledge-based society contributing to the enhancement of ASEAN competitiveness. ASEAN education minister have identified four priorities that ASEAN cooperation on education would address, a) Promoting ASEAN awareness among ASEAN citizen, particularly youth; b) Strengthening of ASEAN identity through education; c) Building ASEAN human resources in the field of education; and d) Strengthening ASEAN university networking. The first ASEAN education meeting was held in manila on the 6-7 December 1977 highlighting the need for work in school and out of school youth, teacher education reform, test development, management education system for education, and special education for the handicapped.

Education as we can see is vital for the development of countries, from young to old communities, able or disabled, awareness for education is important to for the society to have a bigger pictures on its values for the personnel and the countries. Skillful and knowledgeable communities can strengthen the ASEAN human resources for a better development of the countries.

Higher education refers to the stage of learning that occurs at universities, academies, colleges, seminaries, and institutes of technology. Higher education also includes certain collegiate-level institutions, such as vocational schools, trade schools, and career colleges, that award academic degrees or professional certifications.

In Brunei, Institut Teknologi Brunei initially offered Higher National Diploma courses include Business &Finance, Computer Studies and Electrical and Electronic Engineering.

Since relocating its campus adjacent to UBD in 1998, the institute has introduced more HND courses which included Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Communication and Computer Systems Engineering and Electrical Power and Building Services Engineering. There is also a Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering under twinning arrangement with the Queens University Belfast (QUB) is another course study offered by the Civil Engineering Department.

Currently, ITB also offered many Degree and Master courses that include Bachelor’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering, Bachelor’s Degree Internet Computing and Bachelor’s Degree Business Technology.

As in Universiti Brunei Darussalam, there is a new offer for student exchange. Some of students are sending off to other countries such as Thailand and Malaysia in year 3, discovery year. The aim of the programme is to allow the students to get an experience of working.

All ASEAN participants use High Education eLearning. Some of examples, in Cambodia started university-level eLearning in 2004. The National Institute of Business with the web that was supported by Japan Overseas Development Corporation (JODC) to provide eLearning Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in many fields such as Accounting and Finance, Sales and Marketing and Business Management. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports promotes education for all through distance education and self-learning. University of Cambodia offers eLearning and provides free email accounts with wireless Internet access.

In Indonesia, many universities provide eLearning. Indonesian Open Learning University with the web are eLearning platforms available such as calendar, forum, online tutorial, chat, and etc. Another example is Trisakti University which has already offered Master of Management in eLearning mode and in the process of preparation of other eLearning degree programs such as Bachelor of Management, Bachelor of IT, Master of Accountancy, Master of Industry Technology and Ph.D. in Economics.

About The Author:
Rafidah Binti Haji Junaidi currently study in Institut Teknologi Brunei.



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